Alanine (Ala or A) is an amino acid or enzyme found in the liver and other tissues. Alanine helps to build protein itself. In regards to the molecular makeup of alanine, it is one of the simplest amino acids, as the alpha-carbon inside of alanine is replaced by a levorotatory (I)-methyl group. Alanine provides energy for muscle, the brain and the central nervous system. It also boosts the immune system with the production of antibodies, and it helps to metabolize sugars and organic acids.
Alanine is needed for the metabolism of glucose and tryptophan. Glucose is a carbohydrate that acts as fuel or energy for the tissues of the body, including the brain, central nervous system and muscles. It also provides strength to the immune system by manufacturing immunoglobulins and antibodies. Alanine helps to control blood sugar levels. Alanine also provides a defense against toxic chemicals that accumulate in muscle tissue, as a result of when muscle protein rapidly brakes down in order to meet energy needs; for example during an intense workout.
Foods that have high amounts of Alanine include: